By J.R. Pegg
Washington, DC (March 22, 2007)- U.S. lawmakers should stop bickering about the science of global warming and take aggressive action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, former Vice President Al Gore told members of Senate and House committees today. Speaking Wednesday afternoon before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, Gore said global warming presents a “challenge to our moral imagination.”
There is a clear scientific consensus that human activities are changing the climate, said Gore, who characterized global warming as a “planetary emergency.” “The natural tendency, for me, for all of us, is to think something this big and challenging is not real,” Gore said. “We don’t want it to be real. It is hard to think about and contemplating the changes to deal with it automatically creates a feeling of discomfort. We just wish it would go away. It is not going away and we’ve got to deal with it.”
Among a slew of recommendations, Gore called on the United States to immediately freeze its greenhouse gas emissions and aim to cut them 90 percent by 2050. Gore expressed support for a cap and trade plan to cut emissions as well as for a tax on carbon. Speaking of the carbon tax, Gore said, “I fully understand that this is considered politically impossible, but part of our challenge is to expand the limits of what is possible.”
He suggested a moratorium on new coal-fired power plants built without carbon capture technology, as well increased fuel economy standards and a ban on incandescent light bulbs.
Homeowners should be given greater flexibility to produce their own clean energy and sell it into the electricity grid, Gore said, and the government should enact a new “carbon neutral” federal mortgage company to support green homes.
“Both of their major parties are unified in their determination to solve this climate crisis,” Gore said. “They are not arguing about the science. They are arguing about how to design solutions that will go farther, faster. We’ve got too much partisanship,” Gore told the Senate panel. “Everyone of us, myself at the front of the line, has contributed too much to it. Lawmakers have to find a way to reach across the aisle on this and recreate what used to be a bipartisan consensus on protection of the environment,” Gore said.
“This shouldn’t be seen as a partisan issue or even a political issue,” Gore said. “It is a moral issue … the people out there in our country are so hopeful that this Senate will act and that this Congress will act.”
Gore’s message was received favorably by Democrats and some Republicans at both hearings, but whether there is political will for the solutions he recommended is far from clear.
Senator John Warner, a Virginia Republican, considered a key potential swing vote on the Senate panel, expressed skepticism that the technology exists to make the emission cuts Gore advocates. “You have thrown down a very tough challenge today to the Congress,” said Warner. Warner voiced concern about the economic impacts of forging ahead without an equal commitment from China, which will soon overtake the United States as the world’s leading emitter of greenhouse gases.
“How do we persuade them [to act]?” Warner asked.
When the United States leads, Gore replied, “we greatly improve the odds that they will be a part of it.”
“The main problem is economics,” Gore said. “The problem is these things are expensive, they take a long time to build and at the moment they come in only one size – extra large.”
Senator James Inhofe of Oklahoma is the Ranking Minority Member of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. A handful of Republicans continued to press Gore on the science of global warming, none more than renowned climate skeptic Republican Senator James Inhofe from the oil producing state of Oklahoma. “A lot of the statements you have made contain inaccuracies and are misleading,” said Inhofe. Many scientists do not believe that manmade emissions are responsible for warming, Inhofe said, adding “the science isn’t there.”
Gore pointed to agreement on the science by the National Academies of 16 nations, as well as the four reports by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC. The most recent IPCC report, issued February 2, “The Physical Science Basis: a Summary for Policymakers,” was adopted in a line-by line review by the governments of 113 countries, including the United States.
The report by hundreds of scientists from around the world demonstrates that global warming is accelerating, that human activity is “very likely” responsible for this warming, and that it is likely irreversible for centuries, even if greenhouse gas emissions are stabilized. “There is a very strong scientific consensus,” Gore said.
In the House, Gore presented the same global warming message to the Energy and Commerce Committee’s Subcommittee on Energy and Air Quality this morning.
Speaker Nancy Pelosi said, “As a global leader on combating climate change, Al Gore has been both an educator and an agitator – spurring so many to take real action. Today, he presented Congress with challenging and creative ideas, and made a compelling case for the urgency to act.”
“In the House, we have begun the hard work of addressing the challenge of global warming,” said Pelosi, a California Democrat. “The newly created Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming will raise the visibility of these urgent issues and gather critical information to protect America’s security.”
“Other committees of jurisdiction are working to report legislation by June,” she said.
Congressman Tom Udall, a New Mexico Democrat, said, “The one inescapable message from Vice President Gore that I hope resonates strongest with my colleagues is that the irreversible affects of global warming will only increase with inaction. What we need is a bold, multifaceted approach to begin combating global warming now.”
Udall and Congressman Tom Petri, a Wisconsin Republican, are preparing to reintroduce the Keep America Competitive Global Warming Policy Act – a market-based approach to mitigate the harmful effects of climate change and spur innovation to maintain America’s role as a leader in global technology.
For the full article, visit the Environment News Service.